italian ww2 aircraft carrier

The Aquila aircraft carrier moored at the port of Genoa in 1946. After all, Italy jutted out into the Mediterranean Sea and possessed bases on numerous Mediterranean islands. To transfer aircraft from one to the other, the ship possessed two 15m elevators. Despite her service in the Ethiopian and Spanish wars, this foray into the employment of naval aircraft found a dead end. Her projected complement stood at 1,313 sailors and 107 officers. Italian naval ship classes of World War II, Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in October 1944, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Italian_aircraft_carrier_Sparviero&oldid=973125449, Naval ships of Italy captured by Germany during World War II, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2010, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 August 2020, at 14:27. In mid-1940, as Italy prepared to enter the war as an ally of Germany, a design was prepared for a simple conversion of the fast liner Roma into an aircraft carrier, but again was deemed less of a priority than other construction and set aside in January 1941. A rare photo showing the aircraft carrier Sparviero under construction in 1942. Her air group was to be either 34 fighters or 16 fighters and 9 torpedo bombers. Had the political will to construct her been found six years earlier, one has to wonder how they’d have changed the Mediterranean war. The original intention was only to produce another auxiliary carrier, but there was no longer doubt as to the merit of naval aviation. Apart from removing the superstructure little else was done before the Italian capitulation in September 1943. Aircraft Carrier Aquila. While construction of the Italian aircraft carriers Aquila and Sparviero eventually neared completion, neither was ever combat worthy. She was originally the ocean liner MS Augustus. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). Practical reality triumphed over theoretic possibility, and no one could deny the necessity of aircraft carriers. She was an ambitious conversion that, completed sooner, might well have proven a formidable adversary for her British counterparts in the Mediterranean during World War II. The idea was initially abandoned but then resumed in 1942. With a folding wing variant, she’d have possessed a much more powerful striking arm. It was not until the outbreak of war that the shortcomings of the ‘unsinkable aircraft carrier’ concept became evident. The primary task of the Regia Marina was to maintain parity with the navy of Italy’s chief rival, France. However, the unique problems of naval aviation posed significant challenges to her prospective operations. The aircraft carrier officially supplanted the mighty battleship as the primary instrument of naval warfare during World War 2. © 2000-2019 Comando Supremo. She would have had a narrow flight deck. Ultimately, the fate of the ships was to sail to the scrapyards in the early 1950s. In two years, with fairly limited technical assistance, they completed a competent Italian aircraft carrier. Accept Read More, Italian Aircraft Carriers of World War Two, Fiat–Revelli Modello 1935 History and Specifications, Whitehead Torpedo: Its Origin and Italian Adaptation, Caproni Campini N.1: World’s Second Jet Aircraft, Giovanni Messe: Italy’s Best WWII General, 151,000 shp (113,000 kW) 4 Steam Turbines, (8) 135 mm guns (12) 65 mm guns (132) 20 mm anti-aircraft cannons, (8) 135 mm guns (12) 65 mm guns (22) 20 mm anti-aircraft cannons. Comando Supremo is an Amazon Associate and earns from qualifying purchases. 'Military Navy'; abbreviated as MM) is the Navy of the Italian Republic.It is one of the four branches of Italian Armed Forces and was formed in 1946 from what remained of the Regia Marina (Royal Navy) after World War II. There are a total of [ 58 ] WW2 Italian Aircraft (1939-1945) entries in the Military Factory. There are a total of [ 32 ] WW2 Italian Fighter Aircraft (1939-1945) entries in the Military Factory. Rounding out this defense, Aquila carried 132 20mm guns, in six-barreled mounts. Though she was not built from the keel up and never attained operational status, Aquilais considered Italy’s first aircraft carrier. The construction of ships such as the first-rate Zara cruisers and Littorio battleships swallowed her ship construction capacity. The small, slow ship carried 296 men, cruised at 21 knots, and carried only sixteen seaplanes. During the Munich Crisis of 1938, Admiral Sir Dudley Pound, the commander of the British Mediterranean Fleet, was concerned about the survival of the aircraft carrier HMS Glorious in the face of Italian opposition in the Mediterranean, and ordered his staff to re-examine all plans for attacking Taranto. Additionally, trouble with the arrester gear was a critical failure that delayed her entry into service. The gutted interior provided room for workshops, modest torpedo defenses, a new propulsion system, and a hangar. The first Italian vessel classifiable in any possible way as an aircraft carrier had already entered service during World War I. Additionally, the deck was partially armored. The L6/40 light tank was developed prior to World War II and used by the Italian army from 1940 and on and was adopted by the Italian Army when officials learned of the design and expressed interest. Sources sometimes report the anti-air defenses, armor, and crew size as identical to Aquila. The eight heavy AA guns provided a powerful wall of flack against enemy planes. Giuseppe Miraglia began her life as a civilian train ferry in 1923, but the Regia Marina soon acquired her. The hangar was sufficiently spacious to carry 41 of the capable Reggiane Re.2001 aircraft. First, the defeat at Taranto demonstrated the offensive power of British naval aviation. The idea of an aircraft carrier in Italy was long brushed aside by Mussolini, speaking of Italy being itself a super-large aircraft carrier, which was arguably true due to the central position in the Mediterranean. Many contentious issues vied for the attention of Il Duce. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. While Aquila represented an impressive reconstruction, the internals from the luxury liner days of MS Augustus largely remained within Sparviero. Sparviero (Italian: "Sparrowhawk") was an Italian aircraft carrier designed and built during World War II of the Regia Marina. There are a total of [ 67 ] WW2 Aircraft Carriers (1939-1945) entries in the Military Factory. He has experience in English tutoring, volunteering, and other forms of work, but has adopted freelancing as his main mode of work. She began to be scrapped in 1946, a process completed by 1952. It originally began in 1936 but languished for years until being resumed in September. Give an example of military prowess by choosing the right equipment, crew, and escort for the mission. If one felt harsh, they might say Sparviero’s life began and ended with a whimper. Eight boilers powered four steam-geared turbines, which produced 151,000 shp and enabled Aquila to propel herself at 30 knots. World War II aircraft carrier wreckage found 00:24. However, even in her inaction, Aquila showed positively what the Italian military could accomplish. Aquila was the more ambitious project of the Italian aircraft carrier program. A simple conversion of the ocean liner MS Augustus into an auxiliary carrier laid in limbo until two disasters revived interest. In all, Aquila had the makings of a respectable aircraft carrier for operations within the Mediterranean Theater. Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily the primary operator. The passenger ship Augustus was first renamed Falco and then to Sparviero. Following World War I, the Italian Royal Navy (Regia Marina) began tentatively exploring the use of ship-borne aircraft by converting the merchant ship Città di Messina into the twin-catapult-equipped seaplan… The Italian high command was remarkably forward-thinking in regard to the role of aircraft in military operations. This is all extremely theoretical, however; the only work which the Genoa shipyards completed was the removal of the superstructure. Pushed naval aviation and never attained operational status, Aquilais considered Italy ’ s held resources... 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